Book 12: Adam & Eve get kicked out of Paradise

THE ARGUMENT.—The Angel Michael continues, from the Flood, to relate what shall succeed; then, in the mention of Abraham, comes by degrees to explain who that Seed of the Woman shall be which was promised Adam and Eve in the Fall: his incarnation, death, resurrection, and ascension; the state of the Church till his second coming. Adam, greatly satisfied and recomforted by these relations and promises, descends the hill with Michael; wakens Eve, who all this while had slept, but with gentle dreams composed to quietness of mind and submission. Michael in either hand leads them out of Paradise, the fiery Sword waving behind them, and the Cherubim taking their stations to guard the place.

tl;dr Michael continues showing and telling the future of mankind to Adam. Then he leads them out of Paradise because they can't sit with us.



AS one who, in his journey, bates at noon,

Though bent on speed, so here the Archangel paused

The angel Michael took a pause. 
Betwixt the world destroyed and world restored,

Because it was at the point in the story where 
If Adam ought perhaps might interpose;

the past world was destroyed by the flood
Then, with transition sweet, new speech resumes:—
and a new one would begin. Michael was expecting Adam to have another outburst or interjection, but he didn't.
  “Thus thou hast seen one world begin and end,

Michael continued to speak, 
And Man as from a second stock proceed.

"As one world ends, 
Much thou hast yet to see; but I perceive

a new one begins with a new generation of men..
Thy mortal sight to fail; objects divine

I have so much to show you, 
Must needs impair and weary human sense.
but those magic drops I put in your eyes are starting to wear off. 
Henceforth what is to come I will relate;

Thou, therefore, give due audience, and attend.

This new generation of people, 
  “This second source of men, while yet but few,

is still quite small...
And while the dread of judgment past remains

Fresh in their minds, fearing the Deity,
and they'll behave themselves for God.
With some regard to what is just and right

Shall lead their lives, and multiply apace,

Mainly because they know what God is capable of doing to them and their world. 
Labouring the soil, and reaping plenteous crop,

This small population will grow and multiply quickly. 
Corn, wine and oil; and, from the herd or flock

They'll farm, and raise livestock
Oft sacrificing bullock, lamb, or kid,
With large wine-offerings poured, and sacred feast,

have big feasts, 
Shall spend their days in joy unblamed, and dwell

Long time in peace, by families and tribes,

and live in peaceful families, tribes and communities. 
Under paternal rule, till one shall rise,

But as always, there will be an ambitious individual above all.
Of proud, ambitious heart, who, not content
With fair equality, fraternal state,

Will arrogate dominion undeserved

He would ruin things for everyone.
Over his brethren, and quite dispossess

He hunted his fellow man
Concord and law of Nature from the Earth—

Hunting (and men, not beasts, shall be his game)
as if they were animals.
With war and hostile snare such as refuse

And anyone who stood up against him
Subjection to his empire tyrannous.

he would kill. 
A mighty Hunter thence he shall be styled

Before the Lord, as in despite of Heaven,

This man would want to be like a god. 
Or from Heaven claiming second sovranty,
And from rebellion shall derive his name,

Though of rebellion others he accuse.

  He, with a crew, whom like ambition joins

As always, these kind of people would gain followers.
With him or under him to tyrannize,

Marching from Eden towards the west, shall find
They'll go west of Eden
The Plain, wherein a black bituminous gurge

Boils out from under ground, the mouth of Hell.

to mine materials from the earth to build with.
Of brick, and of that stuff, they cast to build

A city and tower, whose top may reach to Heaven;

They will try to build a tall city tower
And get themselves a name, lest far dispersed
that they hope would reach Heaven.
In foreign lands, their memory be lost—

All in the hopes that they would become famous around the world. 
Regardless whether good or evil fame.

And they won't care if it was being famous for doing something good or bad. 
But God, who oft descends to visit men

Unseen, and through their habitations walks,

God himself will come down to the earth to visit men. But he will be invisible.
To mark their doings, them beholding soon,
God will see this tower
Comes down to see their city, ere the Tower

Obstruct Heaven-towers, and in derision sets

and cast a spell upon it
Upon their tongues a various spirit, to rase

so that anyone within the tower who spoke
Quite out their native language, and, instead,

would speak a different language and no one would be able to understand each other. 
To sow a jangling noise of words unknown.
Forthwith a hideous gabble rises loud

Everyone would be babbling 
Among the builders; each to other calls,

making the builders confused
Not understood—till, hoarse and all in rage,

and angry. 
As mocked they storm. Great laughter was in Heaven,

They would end up leaving the job site, leaving the tower unfinished. And all the angels in Heaven would laugh."
And looking down to see the hubbub strange
And hear the din. Thus was the building left

Ridiculous, and the work Confusion named.”

  Whereto thus Adam, fatherly displeased:—

Adam replied, 
“O execrable son, so to aspire

"That guy is an idiot for 
Above his brethren, to himself assuming
Authority usurped, from God not given!

trying to be like God. 
He gave us only over beast, fish, fowl,

God gave us the power to rule over animals only.
Dominion absolute; that right we hold

By his donation: but man over men

Not people. 
He made not lord—such title to himself
Reserving, human left from human free.

But this Usurper his encroachment proud

Stays not on Man; to God his Tower intends

And I can't believe he would try and build a tower to God.
Siege and defiance. Wretched man! what food

He didn't think things through!"
Will he convey up thither, to sustain
Himself and his rash army, where thin air

Above the clouds will pine his entrails gross,

And famish him of breath, if not of bread?”

  To whom thus Michael:—“Justly thou abhorr’st

Michael replied, 
That son, who on the quiet state of men
"Yup. You're absolutely right. 
Such trouble brought, affecting to subdue

Rational liberty; yet know withal,

But understand this...
Since thy original lapse, true liberty

You committed a sin too, 
Is lost, which always with right reason dwells

so true liberty doesn't really exist.
Twinned, and from her hath no dividual being.
Liberty is connected to reason and wisdom, 
Reason in Man obscured, or not obeyed,

Immediately inordinate desires

and when a person ignores what he should do 
And upstart passions catch the government

From Reason, and to servitude reduce

then unhealthy actions and desires come about.
Man, till then free. Therefore, since he permits
Within himself unworthy powers to reign

You should never let your mind be controlled by your impulsive desires. 
Over free reason, God, in judgment just,

Subjects him from without to violent lords,

God lets these violent lords and tyrants do what they want. 
Who oft as undeservedly enthral

His outward freedom. Tyranny must be,
Though to the tyrant thereby no excuse.

Yet sometimes nations will decline so low

They inevitably become their own downfall. 
From virtue, which is reason, that no wrong,

But justice and some fatal curse annexed,

Deprives them of their outward liberty,
Their inward lost: witness the irreverent son

Of him who built the Ark, who, for the shame

Done to his father, heard this heavy curse,

Servant of servants, on his vicious race.

Thus will this latter, as the former world,
Basically, this next generation will end up being like the last one. 
Still tend from bad to worse, till God at last,

Wearied with their iniquities, withdraw

God will turn his back on these people because 
His presence from among them, and avert

of their evil ways. 
His holy eyes, resolving from thenceforth

To leave them to their own polluted ways,
But God will eventually find a 
And one peculiar nation to select

chosen people. 
From all the rest, of whom to be invoked—

A nation from one faithful man to spring.

This nation would originate from one faithful man. 
Him on this side Euphrates yet residing,

Bred up in idol-worship—Oh, that men
(Canst thou believe?) should be so stupid grown,

Because so many men in the future will be so stupid
While yet the patriarch lived who scaped the Flood,

that even when Noah was still alive, they still turned their backs on God and built idols.
As to forsake the living God, and fall

To worship their own work in wood and stone

For gods!—yet him God the Most High voutsafes
But this one faithful man 
To call by vision from his father’s house,

His kindred, and false gods into a land

Which he will shew him, and from him will raise

A mighty nation, and upon him shower

His benediction so that in his seed
trusted in God. 
All Nations shall be blest. He straight obeys;

Not knowing to what land, yet firm believes.

I see him, but thou canst not, with what faith

He leaves his gods, his friends, and native soil,

He left a world of men that worshipped false idols."
Ur of Chaldæa, passing now the ford
To Haran—after him a cumbrous train

Of herds and flocks, and numerous servitude—

Not wandering poor, but trusting all his wealth

With God, who called him, in a land unknown

Canaan he now attains; I see his tents
Pitched about Sechem, and the neighbouring plain

Michael pointed out a plain
Of Moreh. There, by promise, he receives

it was called Canaan.
Gift to his progeny of all that land,

From Hamath northward to the Desert south

(Things by their names I call, though yet unnamed),
This land would later be called 
From Hermon east to the great western sea;

Mount Hermon, yonder sea, each place behold

Palestine, Syria
In prospect, as I point them: on the shore,

Mount Carmel; here, the double-founted stream,

Jordan, true limit eastward; but his sons
the Jordan River.
Shall dwell to Senir, that long ridge of hills.

This ponder, that all nations of the Earth

Shall in his seed be blessèd. By that seed

Michael continued, 
Is meant thy great Deliverer, who shall bruise

"Adam, all the nations on earth will be blessed by this one faithful man. 
The Serpent’s head; whereof to thee anon
He would be the one to bruise the serpent's head, but I'll tell you about that later.
Plainlier shall be revealed. This patriarch blest,

Let's start with Abraham
Whom faithful Abraham due time shall call,

A son, and of his son a grandchild, leaves,

who will have a son named Isaac, 
Like him in faith, in wisdom, and renown.

The grandchild, with twelve sons increased, departs
who will have a son named Jacob, who will have 12 sons. 
From Canaan to a land hereafter called

Jacob and his sons will travel to Egypt.
Egypt, divided by the river Nile;

See where it flows, disgorging at seven mouths

Into the sea, To sojourn in that land

He comes, invited by a younger son
One of his youngest named Joseph would lead them to Egypt. 
In time of dearth—a son whose worthy deeds

Raise him to be the second in that realm

Joseph will grow up to be second in rank to the Pharoah. 
Of Pharaoh. There he dies, and leaves his race

Growing into a nation, and now grown

However, when Joseph dies... the Pharoah will 
Suspected to a sequent king, who seeks
order that all the people that descended from Joseph 
To stop their overgrowth, as inmate guests

be made slaves. The Pharoah would also order that all the male infants be put to death too. 
Too numerous; whence of guests he makes them slaves,

Inhospitably, and kills their infant males:

Till, by two brethren (those two brethren call

Moses and Aaron would be sent from God
Moses and Aaron) sent from God to claim
to rescue the Jews from slavery and death
His people from enthralment, they return,

With glory and spoil, back to their promised land.

and brought to the promised land. 
But first the lawless tyrant, who denies

To know their God, or message to regard,

In order to do that, God would send 
Must be compelled by signs and judgments dire:
To blood unshed the rivers must be turned;

plagues to the Pharoah's land. 
Frogs, lice, and flies must all his palace fill

With loathed intrusion, and fill all the land;

From turning the rivers to blood, 
His cattle must of rot and murrain die;

lice, flies, diseased livestock, 
Botches and blains must all his flesh imboss,
And all his people; thunder mixed with hail,

Hail mixed with fire, must rend the Egyptian sky,

fire from the sky, 
And wheel on the earth, devouring where it rolls;

What it devours not, herb, or fruit, or grain,

locusts to destroy crops, 
A darksome cloud of locusts swarming down
and darkness 
Must eat, and on the ground leave nothing green;

Darkness must overshadow all his bounds,

for three days, 
Palpable darkness, and blot out three days;

Last, with one midnight-stroke, all the first-born

along with all first-born children killed. 
Of Egypt must lie dead. Thus with ten wounds
After all this happened, 
The River-dragon tamed at length submits

To let his sojourners depart, and oft

the Pharoah finally let the Jews go. 
Humbles his stubborn heart, but still as ice

But he changed his mind and 
More hardened after thaw; till, in his rage

led his army after them. 
Pursuing whom he late dismissed, the sea
Swallows him with his host, but them lets pass,

As on dry land, between two crystal walls,

Awed by the rod of Moses so to stand

Divided till his rescued gain their shore:

Such wondrous power God to his Saint will lend,
God guided them to the promise land with signs
Though present in his Angel, who shall go

Before them in a cloud, and pillar of fire—

like a cloud in the daytime
By day a cloud, by night a pillar of fire—

To guide them in their journey, and remove

and a pillar of fire at night. 
Behind them, while the obdúrate king pursues.
The Pharoah didn't stop his pursuit. 
All night he will pursue, but his approach

Darkness defends between till morning-watch;

Then through the fiery pillar and the cloud

God looking forth will trouble all his host,

And craze their chariot-wheels: when, by command,
Moses once more his potent rod extends

Moses commanded the sea to swallow Pharoah's army.
Over the sea; the sea his rod obeys;

On their imbattled ranks the waves return,

And to allow safe passage for the Jews across the sea floor. 
And overwhelm their war. The race elect

Safe towards Canaan, from the shore, advance
When the Jews got to the other side,
Through the wild Desert—not the readiest way,

Lest, entering on the Canaanite alarmed,

they were afraid of the Canaanites
War terrify them inexpert, and fear

Return them back to Egypt, choosing rather

because the Jews weren't fighters. 
Inglorious life with servitude; for life
To noble and ignoble is more sweet

Untrained in arms, where rashness leads not on.

They settled in the desert
This also shall they gain by their delay

In the wide wilderness: there they shall found

Their government, and their great Senate choose
and set up a government made from 
Through the twelve Tribes, to rule by laws ordained.

the twelve tribes from the twelve brothers of Joseph. 
God, from the Mount of Sinai, whose grey top

Shall tremble, he descending, will himself,

Their religious laws and civil rights would 
In thunder, lightning, and loud trumpet’s sound,

Ordain them laws—part, such as appertain
To civil justice; part, religious rites

follow the Ten Commandments.
Of sacrifice, informing them, by types

And shadows, of that destined Seed to bruise

The Serpent, by what means he shall achieve

Mankind’s deliverance. But the voice of God
They just need Moses to guide them on what God wants. 
To mortal ear is dreadful: they beseech

That Moses might report to them his will,

And terror cease; he grants what they besought,

Instructed that to God is no access

Moses will explain that a greater leader than him would take his place. 
Without Mediator, whose high office now
Moses in figure bears, to introduce

One greater, of whose day he shall foretell,

The Messiah. 
And all the Prophets, in their age, the times

Of great Messiah shall sing. Thus laws and rites

Established, such delight hath God in men
God will see how good this people will become. 
Obedient to his will that he voutsafes

Among them to set up his Tabernacle—

The Holy One with mortal men to dwell.

By his prescript a sanctuary is framed

Of cedar, overlaid with gold; therein
He'll teach them how to build the Ark of the Covenant. 
An ark, and in the Ark his testimony,

The records of his covenant; over these

It would be made out of cedar wood and covered with gold. On top would be a golden seat between angel wings. 
A mercy-seat of gold, between the wings

Of two bright Cherubim; before him burn

Inside would be the two stone tablets with the Ten Commandments inscribed on them. 
Seven lamps, as in a zodiac representing
The heavenly fires. Over the tent a cloud

A cloud would hide this ark in the daytime, 
Shall rest by day, a fiery gleam by night,

Save when they journey; and at length they come,

and a fiery glow would protect it in the night. 
Conducted by his Angel, to the land

Promised to Abraham and his seed. The rest
Were long to tell—how many battles fought;

How many kings destroyed, and kingdoms won;

Or how the sun shall in mid—heaven stand still

A day entire, and night’s due course adjourn,

Man’s voice commanding, ‘Sun, in Gibeon stand,
And thou, Moon, in the vale of Aialon,

Jacob, the son of Isaac, grandson of 
Till Israel overcome!’—so call the third

Abraham... would be called Israel." 
From Abraham, son of Isaac, and from him

His whole descent, who thus shall Canaan win.”

  Here Adam interposed:—“O sent from Heaven,
Adam replied, 
Enlightener of my darkness, gracious things

"This story about Abraham makes me feel good. 
Thou hast revealed, those chiefly which concern

Just Abraham and his seed. Now first I find

Mine eyes true opening, and my heart much eased,

Erewhile perplexed with thoughts what would become
I was starting to worry about mankind in the future. 
Of me and all mankind; but now I see

His day, in whom all nations shall be blest—

Favour unmerited by me, who sought

Forbidden knowledge by forbidden means.

But knowing that there are people like Abraham and his descendants will gain God's blessing sounds great. 
This yet I apprehend not—why to those
Among whom God will deign to dwell on Earth

So many and so various laws are given.

I'm just wondering why there are so many rules that God wants people to follow...
So many laws argue so many sins

Among them; how can God with such reside?”

I feel like that the more rules there are, the more sinning could happen. 
  To whom thus Michael:—“Doubt not but that sin
Michael replied, 
Will reign among them, as of thee begot;

"Sin will always happen. 
And therefore was law given them, to evince

Their natural pravity, by stirring up

the laws are in place to give mankind guidance.  
Sin against Law to fight, that, when they see

Law can discover sin, but no remove,
Save by those shadowy expiations weak,

The blood of bulls and goats, they may conclude

Some blood more precious must be paid for Man,

Putting faith in God is the only way to live a long and successful life.
Just for unjust, that in such righteousness,

To them by faith imputed, they may find
Justification towards God, and peace

Of conscience, which the law by ceremonies

Cannot appease, nor man the moral part

Perform, and not performing cannot live.

So Law appears imperfect, and but given
Sure, a lot of laws seems strict. 
With purpose to resign them, in full time,

Up to a better covenant, disciplined

But they show that man can only survive through God's grace. 
From shadowy types to truth, from flesh to spirit,

From imposition of strict laws to free

Acceptance of large grace, from servile fear
To filial, works of law to works of faith.

And therefore shall not Moses, though of God

Highly beloved, being but the minister

Moses was the one chosen by God to present God's laws
Of Law, his people into Canaan lead;

But Joshua, whom the Gentiles Jesus call,
to people. But Joshua would be the one to lead them to Canaan. 
His name and office bearing who shall quell

The adversary Serpent, and bring back

Through the world’s wilderness long-wandered Man
Safe to eternal Paradise of rest.

Meanwhile they, in their earthly Canaan placed,
Long time shall dwell and prosper, but when sins

National interrupt their public peace,

Provoking God to raise them enemies—

From whom as oft he saves them penitent,

By Judges first, then under Kings; of whom
There would be a King named David,
The second, both for piety renowned

And puissant deeds, a promise shall receive

who would receive a message from God
Irrevocable, that his regal throne

For ever shall endure. The like shall sing

about the coming of the Savior, the Son of God. 
All Prophecy—that of the royal stock
Of David (so I name this king) shall rise

A son, the Woman’s Seed to thee foretold,

Foretold to Abraham as in whom shall trust

All nations, and to kings foretold of kings

The last, for of his reign shall be no end.
The Son of God would be the last king the world would need. 
But first a long succession must ensue;

And his next son, for wealth and wisdom famed,

But before he arrives, there would be other kings.
The clouded Ark of God, till then in tents

After King David, would be Solomon, who would build a temple for the Ark of the Covenant. 
Wandering, shall in a glorious Temple enshrine.

Such follow him as shall be registered
After Solomon, there would be more kings. 
Part good, part bad; of bad the longer scroll:

Whose foul idolatries and other faults,

Good ones, a lot of bad ones. 
Heaped to the popular sum, will so incense

God, as to leave them, and expose their land,

And many of them would worship idols and false gods. 
Their city, his Temple, and his holy Ark,
God would become angry with this, and let all these people be 
With all his sacred things, a scorn and prey

conquered by Babylon...
To that proud city whose high walls thou saw’st

Left in confusion, Babylon thence called.

you know the city tower that I told you about that had
There in captivity he lets them dwell

languages and confusion.
The space of seventy years; then brings them back,
These people would remain in Babylon for 70 years. 
Remembering mercy, and his covenant sworn

To David, established as the days of Heaven.

Returned from Babylon by leave of kings,

Until God would release them. 
Their lords, whom God disposed, the house of God

They first re-edify, and for a while
In mean estate live moderate, till, grown

They'd go home, live a simple life, and rebuild their temples. 
In wealth and multitude, factious they grow.

That is until the priest of these temples would grow rich again, 
But first among the priests dissension springs—

and start fighting amongst themselves. 
Men who attend the altar, and should most

Endeavour peace: their strife pollution brings
As you would guess it, more bad things would happen. 
Upon the Temple itself; at last they seize

The sceptre, and regard not David’s sons;

Then lose it to a stranger, that the true

Anointed King Messiah might be born

Eventually the Messiah would be born. 
Barred of his right. Yet at his birth a Star,
A star would appear in the sky that no one
Unseen before in heaven, proclaims him come,

had ever seen before. 
And guides the eastern sages, who inquire

His place, to offer incense, myrrh, and gold:

This star would guide three kings to the Son. 
His place of birth a solemn Angel tells

To simple shepherds, keeping watch by night;
They gladly thither haste, and by a quire

Of squadroned Angels hear his carol sung.

A Virgin is his mother, but his sire

The Son would have a virgin mother, and 
The Power of the Most High. He shall ascend

his father would be God. 
The throne hereditary, and bound his reign
He'd be king of the whole Earth."
With Earth’s wide bounds, his glory with the Heavens.”

  He ceased, discerning Adam with such joy

Surcharged as had, like grief, been dewed in tears,

Without the vent of words; which these he breathed:—

Adam spoke with happiness in his voice, 
  “O prophet of glad tidings, finisher
"Finally some good news!
Of utmost hope! now clear I understand

What oft my steadiest thoughts have searched in vain—

I now understand.
Why our great Expectation should be called

The Seed of Woman. Virgin Mother, hail!

Our best hope will come from a virgin mother. 
High in the love of Heaven, yet from my loins
Thou shalt proceed, and from thy womb the Son

And she will descend from me, and the
Of God Most High; so God with Man unites.

Needs must the Serpent now his capital bruise

Son will descend from her. I'm part of it all!
Except with mortal pain. Say where and when

The snake's head will be bruised soon!
Their fight, what stroke shall bruise the Victor’s heel.”
I want to know about that part! Tell me!"
  To whom thus Michael:—“Dream not of their fight

Michael replied, 
As of a duel, or the local wounds

"Yeah, it's not going to be a physical fight like that. 
Of head or heel. Not therefore joins the Son

Manhood to Godhead, with more strength to foil

Thy enemy; nor so is overcome
That's not how you really fight Satan. 
Satan, whose fall from Heaven, a deadlier bruise,

Disabled not to give thee thy death’s wound;

Which he who comes thy Saviour shall recure,

The fight is won, 
Not by destroying Satan, but his works

not by destroying Satan...
In thee and in thy seed. Nor can this be,
But by fulfilling that which thou didst want,

Obedience to the law of God, imposed

but by destroying his influence on others. 
On penalty of death, and suffering death,

The penalty to thy transgression due,

And due to theirs which out of thine will grow:
So only can high justice rest appaid.

The Law of God exact he shall fulfil

Both by obedience and by love, though love

The Son of God will 
Alone fulfil the Law; thy punishment

He shall endure, by coming in the flesh
be born human.
To a reproachful life and cursed death,

Proclaiming life to all who shall believe

He will live a difficult life, 
In his redemption, and that his obedience

Imputed becomes theirs by faith—his merits

preach the good word nonetheless,
To save them, not their own, though legal, works.
For this he shall live hated, be blasphemed,

Seized on by force, judged, and to death condemned

and die a terrible death on the cross by his own people the Jews.  
A shameful and accursed, nailed to the Cross

By his own nation, slain for bringing life;

But to the cross he nails thy enemies—
But with this sacrifice
The Law that is against thee, and the sins

Of all mankind, with him there crucified,

it will forgive all the sins of man. 
Never to hurt them more who rightly trust

In this his satisfaction. So he dies,

The Son will die, but he won't stay dead. 
But soon revives; Death over him no power
Shall long usurp. Ere the third dawning light

On the third day he will rise again, 
Return, the stars of morn shall see him rise

Out of his grave, fresh as the dawning light,

Thy ransom paid, which Man from Death redeems—

and your death sentence will be paid. 
His death for Man, as many as offered life
Neglect not, and the benefit imbrace

By faith not void of works. This godlike act

His brave sacrifice will save you from the eternal death and suffering you were sentenced to. 
Annuls thy doom, the death thou shouldst have died,

In sin for ever lost from life; this act

Shall bruise the head of Satan, crush his strength,
This is what is meant by 'bruising the head' of the snake/Satan. 
Defeating Sin and Death, his two main arms,

And fix far deeper in his head their stings

It crushes his hopes. 
Than temporal death shall bruise the Victor’s heel,

Or theirs whom he redeems—a death like sleep,

A gentle wafting to immortal life.
Nor after resurrection shall he stay

Longer on Earth than certain times to appear

To his disciples—men who in his life

Jesus will stay on Earth to order his disciples
Still followed him; to them shall leave in charge

to teach the world his ways. 
To teach all nations what of him they learned
And his salvation, them who shall believe

Baptizing in the profluent stream—the sign

People would be baptized, 
Of washing them from guilt of sin to life

which is a symbolic way of 
Pure, and in mind prepared, if so befall,

washing away sins. 
For death like that which the Redeemer died.
All nations they shall teach; for from that day

Not only to the sons of Abraham’s loins

Salvation shall be preached, but to the sons

Of Abraham’s faith wherever through the world;

So in his seed all nations shall be blest.
Then to the Heaven of Heavens he shall ascend

Then Jesus would go back up to Heaven. 
With victory, triumphing through the air

Over his foes and thine; there shall surprise

The Serpent, Prince of Air, and drag in chains

Through all his realm, and there confounded leave;
Then enter into glory and resume

His seat at God’s right hand, exalted high

Above all names in Heaven; and thence shall come,

And when the end of the world comes, 
When this World’s dissolution shall be ripe,

With glory and power, to judge both quick and dead—
To judge the unfaithful dead, but to reward

Jesus will come back down again
His faithful, and receive them into bliss,

Whether in Heaven or Earth; for then the Earth

and judge everyone. 
Shall all be Paradise, far happier place

Than this of Eden, and far happier days.”
The faithful ones will be rewarded. Some will stay on Earth for a new Paradise to come, others will come to Heaven."
  So spake the Archangel Michaël; then paused,

As at the World’s great period; and our Sire,

Michael finished, and Adam was happy to hear it all. 
Replete with joy and wonder, thus replied:—

  “O Goodness infinite, Goodness immense,

Adam said, 
That all this good of evil shall produce,
"I didn't realize so much good could stem from 
And evil turn to good—more wonderful

Than that which by creation first brought forth

my sin. 
Light out of darkness! Full of doubt I stand,

Whether I should repent me now of sin

Should I feel guilty about sinning in the first place, 
By me done and occasioned, or rejoice
Much more that much more good thereof shall spring—

or be glad that so much good will eventually 
To God more glory, more good-will to men

From God—and over wrauth grace shall abound.

happen in the longterm?
But say, if our Deliverer up to Heaven

Must reascend, what will betide the few,
What happens to the disciples?
His faithful, left among the unfaithful herd,

The enemies of truth. Who then shall guide

Wouldn't they be in trouble after Jesus ascends?"
His people, who defend? Will they not deal

Worse with his followers than with him they dealt?”

Michael replied, 
  “Be sure they will,” said the Angel; “but from Heaven
"Yeah, they will get in trouble too. 
He to his own a Comforter will send,

The promise of the Father, who shall dwell,

But God's spirit will be with them and guide them to safety.
His Spirit, within them, and the law of faith

Working through love upon their hearts shall write,

To guide them in all truth, and also arm
They will always be protected from Satan and his ways. 
With spiritual armour, able to resist

Satan’s assaults, and quench his fiery darts—

What man can do against them not afraid,

Though to the death; against such cruelties

With inward consolations recompensed,
And often supported so as shall amaze

Their proudest persecutors. For the Spirit,

Poured first on his Apostles, whom he sends

The disciples will teach their own disciples
To evangelize the nations, then on all

Baptized, shall them with wondrous gifts endue
to spread the word of God. 
To speak all tongues, and do all miracles,

As did their Lord before them. Thus they win

Great numbers of each nation to receive

It will spread worldwide. 
With joy the tidings brought from Heaven: at length,

Their ministry performed, and race well run,
Their doctrine and their story written left,

They die; but in their room, as they forewarn,

Wolves shall succeed for teachers, grievous wolves,

But as always, there will be 
Who all the sacred mysteries of Heaven

bad people who will use the word of God
To their own vile advantages shall turn
Of lucre and ambition, and the truth

for their own selfish ways. 
With superstitions and traditions taint,

Left only in those written Records pure,

Though not but by the Spirit understood.

Then shall they seek to avail themselves of names,
Some will build churches and
Palaces, and titles, and with these to join

Secular power, though feigning still to act

become priests...
By spiritual; to themselves appropriating

The Spirit of God, promised alike and given

but their false religions will never amount to anything good. 
To all believers; and, from that pretense,
Spiritual laws by carnal power shall force

They'll try and force their twisted laws on people. 
On every conscience—laws which none shall find

Left them enrowled, or what the Spirit within

Shall on the heart engrave. What will they then

But force the Spirit of Grace itself, and bind
His consort, Liberty? what but unbuild

His living temples, built by faith to stand—

Their own faith, not another’s? for, on Earth,

Who against faith and conscience can be heard

Infallible? Yet many will presume:
Whence heavy persecution shall arise

On all who in the worship persevere

Of Spirit and Truth; the rest, far greater part,

Will deem in outward rites and specious forms

Religion satisfied; Truth shall retire
Bestuck with slanderous darts, and works of Faith

Rarely be found. So shall the World go on,

To good malignant, to bad men benign,

Under her own weight groaning, till the day

Appear of respiration to the just
And vengeance to the wicked, at return

Of Him so lately promised to thy aid,

The Woman’s Seed—obscurely then foretold,

Now amplier known the Saviour and thy Lord;

Last in the clouds from Heaven to be revealed
So just wait for the second coming of Christ. 
In glory of the Father, to dissolve

Satan with his perverted World; then raise

He will destroy Satan's influence.
From the conflagrant mass, purged and refined,

New Heavens, new Earth, Ages of endless date

A new Earth will grow full
Founded in righteousness and peace and love,
of goodness, peace, and love."
To bring forth fruits, joy and eternal bliss.”

  He ended; and thus Adam last replied:—

Adam replied, 
“How soon hath thy prediction, Seer blest,

"In such a short amount of time, you've told me so much. 
Measured this transient World, the race of Time,

Till Time stand fixed! Beyond is all abyss—
Eternity, whose end no eye can reach.

Greatly instructed I shall hence depart,

Now when I leave Paradise, 
Greatly in peace of thought, and have my fill

Of knowledge, what this vessel can contain;

I can have peace of mind. I know everything I need to know. 
Beyond which was my folly to aspire.
Henceforth I learn that to obey is best,

And love with fear the only God, to walk

I learned it's best to obey God. 
As in his presence, ever to observe

To love him and fear him. 
His providence, and on him sole depend,

And act as if he is always watching, because he is. 
Merciful over all his works, with good
Still overcoming evil, and by small

Accomplishing great things—by things deemed weak

Subverting worldly-strong, and worldly-wise

And if you tell the truth, 
By simply meek; that suffering for Truth’s sake

you always win in the end. There's no point in lying.
Is fortitude to highest victory,
And to the faithful death the gate of life—

Most of all, if you are faithful...
Taught this by his example whom I now

you will have a better life after you die." 
Acknowledge my Redeemer ever blest.”

  To whom thus also the Angel last replied:—

Michael replied, 
“This having learned, thou hast attained the sum
"Now you know.
Of wisdom; hope no higher, though all the stars

Thou knew’st by name, and all the ethereal powers,

If you even knew the name of every star in the galaxy, 
All secrets of the Deep, all Nature’s works,

the name of every angel, 
Or works of God in heaven, air, earth, or sea,

and all the secrets of nature, or even
And all the riches of this world enjoy’dst,
And all the rule, one empire. Only add

the richest man in the world, you wouldn't be better off.
Deeds to thy knowledge answerable; add faith;

Add virtue, patience, temperance; add love,

You just have to do good things and do good deeds. 
By name to come called Charity, the soul

Of all the rest: then wilt thou not be loth
Always be faithful to God. Do not be greedy. 
To leave this Paradise, but shalt possess

A Paradise within thee, happier far.

You shouldn't mind leaving Paradise now
Let us descend now, therefore, from this top

because you have knowledge of Paradise within you. 
Of speculation; for the hour precise

It is time to go now. 
Exacts our parting hence; and, see! the guards,
By me encamped on yonder hill, expect

Their motion, at whose front a flaming sword,

In signal of remove, waves fiercely round.

We may no longer stay. Go, waken Eve;

Go wake up Eve.
Her also I with gentle dreams have calmed,
I sent her gentle dreams in the meantime. 
Portending good, and all her spirits composed

To meek submission: thou, at season fit,

Let her with thee partake what thou hast heard—

When the time is right, I want you to tell her everything I told you. Especially about the Son of God coming from a woman. 
Chiefly what may concern her faith to know,

The great deliverance by her seed to come
(For by the Woman’s Seed) on all mankind—

That ye may live, which will be many days,

The both of you will live a long life together.
Both in one faith unanimous; though sad

With cause for evils past, yet much more cheered

You'll always have the memory of the past, but 
With meditation on the happy end.”
you will definitely have a happy ending."
  He ended, and they both descend the hill.

Adam and Michael descended the hill
Descended, Adam to the bower where Eve

and found Eve. 
Lay sleeping ran before, but found her waked;

And thus with words not sad she him received:—

Eve spoke, 
  “Whence thou return’st and whither went’st I know;
"I don't know 
For God is also in sleep, and dreams advise,

where you went, but I had some happy dreams
Which he hath sent propitious, some great good

when I was sleeping. 
Presaging, since, with sorrow and heart’s distress

Wearied, I fell asleep. But now lead on;

I'm ready to go now if you are. 
In me is no delay; with thee to go
Is to stay here; without thee here to stay

Wherever you go I will be happy." 
Is to go hence unwilling; thou to me

Art all things under Heaven, all places thou,

Who for my wilful crime art banished hence.

This further consolation yet secure
I carry hence: though all by me is lost,

Such favour I unworthy am voutsafed,

By me the Promised Seed shall all restore.”

  So spake our mother Eve; and Adam heard

Adam was glad to hear her so happy and content. 
Well pleased, by answered not; for now too nigh
The Archangel stood, and from the other hill

To their fixed station, all in bright array,

The Cherubim descended, on the ground

The other angels flew to them.
Gliding meteorous, as evening mist

Risen from a river o’er the marish glides,
And gathers ground fast at the labourer’s heel

Homeward returning. High in front advanced,

The brandished sword of God before them blazed,

They brought a burning sword over. 
Fierce as a comet; which with torrid heat,

And vapour at the Libyan air adust,
Michael took Adam and Eve by their hands
Began to parch that temperate clime; whereat

In either hand the hastening Angel caught

Our lingering Parents, and to the eastern gate

and lead them through the eastern gate of Paradise. 
Led them direct, and down the cliff as fast

To the subjected plain—then disappeared.
Then he disappeared. Both Adam and Eve
They, looking back, all the eastern side beheld

looked back at Paradise. 
Of Paradise, so late their happy seat,

Waved over by that flaming brand; the gate

They saw the angels guarding
With dreadful faces thronged and fiery arms.

and the scary fiery sword waving back and forth. 
Some natural tears they dropped, but wiped them soon;
They started to cry.
The world was all before them, where to choose

But they had a new world to build. 
Their place of rest, and Providence their guide.

They, hand in hand, with wandering steps and slow,

With faith in their hearts, they held hands and wandered off together. 
Through Eden took their solitary way.


  1. I cant thank you enough for this translation. It helped me all year and even on the final. Thank you thank you thank you!

  2. that was a Ride

  3. This helped me throughout my entire class on Milton. Thank you, you beautiful soul.

  4. thank u bro i fkn love u no homo

  5. I was worried we genuinely wouldn't see Eve again. What happened to Satan? And his palace? Somewhere this switched genres from "fantasy epic about sympathy for the devil" to "Adam asking a whole lot of genuine questions that get sidestepped in order to summarize the Christian religion."

    Adam went "I'm just wondering why there are so many rules that God wants people to follow... I feel like that the more rules there are, the more sinning could happen." and I'm like Hey, wait, he's right! Explain that, Michael! Felt like Satan was back with his free will and logic for a half second.

    "They just need Moses to guide them on what God wants. Moses will explain that a greater leader than him would take his place. The Messiah." I'm Jewish and I read through this like... the hell he did! 😂

  6. i need ur autograph this entire thing saved my life

  7. this saved my life. i love this translatiion